Annotated Bibliography: Here we go again!!

These annotations and research question are all based on my second quilt panel on Glenn S. Fox. All the research questions are based around the dancing culture and community, and as well theater culture related to HIV/AIDS represented on Mr. Fox’s quilt panel.  All research question will be bulleted.



  • How did contemporary dance and style help the awareness for HIV/AIDS and how did the disease change the style of dance since the 1980s in America?

Chambers-Letson, Joshua. “How to Make Dance in an Epidemic: Tracking Choreography in the Age of Aids.” Dance Research Journal, vol. 39, no. 2, Winter2007, pp. 107-109. EBSCOhost,

Joshua Chambers-Letson, a New York editor is well immersed in the AIDS and LGBT community, other than this review he has written several other academic journals relating to the result and effects of AIDS on the queer culture in America. The evidence that Chambers-Leston presents in journal is documentative, he refers to David Gere’s “How to make dance in an epidemic: tracking choreography in the age of AIDS” and historical evidence of the AIDS history in America. His purpose for writing this piece is to educate and inform about how aids has effected the dancing culture in America and try to help others better comprehend the history of how AIDS change on of America’s favorite performing arts. The main audience he is trying to reach are university students since they would have access to this academic journal through any institution library. Some other who would find this piece useful might be current dance choreographers or performers, to learn the roots behind contemporary dancing styles and representations they practice.

The aids epidemic swept the country back in the 80s and 90s and many government representatives did little to nothing to help or even bring awareness to the disease. So performing art dancer and choreographers decided to do their part to change that. Dancing theaters would host shows and event for AIDS research and relief as well as advertised for AIDS awareness. But the most powerful action they took was the style of there performance, choreographers would focus on how the bodies were choreographed for political meaning. Chambers-Leston’s review of David Gere’s piece on dancing culture and aids presents how dancing became a driving factor in AIDS activism and revolutionized contemporary dance since then. He talks about how they used gay dancers to do performance speech-acts to represented a powerful message about AIDS and infection when placed in contact with the gay male body. Before this age dancing was all about technique and perfect rhythm but the AIDS crisis transformed to symbolizing meaning and match body and soul as one.  Chambers-Leston states that dancing in this age was to try to erase the man with disease from a person and turn it into a public forum. This form of dance is still popular today often implemented into dancing shows and movies all over the country.

  • How has the dancing studios and schools encourage the youth  to support the fight against the HIV/ASIDS in America? 

C., B. “Dancing to Conquer Aids.” Dance Spirit, vol. 15, no. 2, Feb. 2011, p. 60. EBSCOhost,

C.B is a dancing academy and they are strong supporters of AIDS awareness, they make generous donations to HIV/AIDS relief and organize performances to bring awareness to AIDS. C.B provides the name and companies of choreographers participating as well as the amount of donations they raised in past events for AIDS. C.B’s purpose for advertising this is to encourage other people to come and watch their performance to help in the battle against aids and gain more support for the epidemic. The intended audience in this piece are young students, they are reaching out to youth to get involved and help in any way they can.  Some other who might find this article interesting could be other dance studios that want collaborate with C.B for performance to support a cause they might be raising awareness for.

Many dancing studios and academies have made big efforts to raise awareness for AIDS. Other thank C.B, Alvin Ailey performing arts and the New York metropolitan performing arts devision are just a few of the organization who have sought to help and support fight against HIV/AIDS. Many dancing academies encourage young aspiring dancers to join and learn how to dance in a style to embody the AIDS/HIV crisis. The C.B academy are actively advertise for young dancers to come learn from famous choreographers and states the proceeds will go towards AIDS/HIV research. They even gathered a team of student dancers to perform for this very occasion in hopes of inspiring more dancers to join them.

  • How has the theater been involved with the fight against HIV/AIDs and how have they represented the crisis?

“Its My Party and Ill Die If I Want To, Gay Men, Aids, and the Circulation of Camp in United-States Theater.” Theatre Journal, vol. 44, no. 3, n.d., pp. 305-327. EBSCOhost,

David Roman ,college professor at University of Washington, is a well informed researcher in queer and AIDS theater and is even writing a book on contemporary theater of gay men and AIDS in the U.S. Roman present historical evidence in his journal, the major theater plays for AIDS as well as the history the gay community and AIDS has played in the theater culture of America. The purpose for this journal is to have today’s youth better understand how AIDS theater culture came to be and its importance to their social lives.  The intended audience for Roman’s journal are university theater major students, since he is professor at a college and published this through the John Hopkins University press. Other who might find this journal useful could be a aspiring university journalist writing a piece on gay theaters and need some references.

Theater culture is a big community in the U.S, Fox theater in Atlanta and Broadway in New York City get millions of viewers every year and most college even offer Theater as major. And in the 80s and 90s the theater was a huge part of gay and HIV/AIDS activism. Performance embodied the struggle that gay people with AIDS had deals with and the fear of death that always lingered around them. These types of plays were ways of getting people who were unaffected by AIDS or did not know about it to better comprehend the life that infected people had to deal with. Roman’s journal goes into debt on on the famous plays produced during the 80s and 90s to bring awareness to it. Roman mentions how writers kept the issue very close to their hearts and since the many gays were a part of the theater the plays would have a more realistic and personal feeling in them.  Roman’s journal dives into harsh reality and discrimination that gays had to go through.

  • How has HIV/AIDS affected dance education and caused changes in its curriculum?

Risner, Doug and Shara Thompson. “HIV/AIDS in Dance Education.” Journal of Dance Education, vol. 5, no. 2, May 2005, pp. 70-76. EBSCOhost,

Doug Risner and Sara Thompson are both university scholars who understand fully the situation HIV/AIDS and dancing community, they have research in debt background of AIDS and studied surveys on dance education. The evidence provided in journal are studies and survey done by university on HIV/AIDS in dance education and the history of the AIDS epidemic. The purpose for this article is to changed the teaching curriculum for the dance education major and for student understand the history behind this point in history. The intended audience in this journal are dance education students at universities, since this was published by university researchers they want for students have access to this information. Other who might find this journal interesting might be dance magazine journalist who is writing articles on dance education in universities and learning institutions.

Anybody in a university studying to be a dancer will have to go through a course on danced education. Rinser and Thompsons’ journal shows a change in the course that thousands of students will have to go through. They explain the importance of this new curriculum and what effects it will have on both student and teacher. The survey they present that teachers will gain better insight and sense of understanding for challenges and emotion well-being of students for promoting sexual health.  The pilot study prompts for importance of accurate information of HIV/AIDS among students and how educator can better teach this subject to change young adult careers since many student won’t have extensive knowledge of this topic at their age. Rinser and Thompson state that this will allow student to better deal with issues of Health and sex issue in their career.



  • How can dance help with dealing with HIV/AIDS struggles among families and loved ones affected?

Boneh, Galia and Devan Jaganath. “Performance as a Component of HIV/AIDS Education: Process and Collaboration for Empowerment and Discussion.” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 101, no. 3, Mar. 2011, p. 455. EBSCOhost, doi:10.2105/AJPH.2009.171991.


The authors of this journal are Galia Boneh, and Devan Jaganath, both of these university scholars agree that the problem that AIDS relief has and say that it should not be a way for infected people to escape their issues but solve it. The evidence that they provide are study surveys of issues that people with AIDS have with their family and their mental state as a result of it. The purpose for this journal is to change how people effected by HIV/AIDS should deal with the issue and use a more healthy method for it. The intended audience are people who are having trouble coming to terms with their disease and don’t see a way to properly help themselves or their families. Another group that could find this journal interesting are university researchers doing a study on HIV/AIDS affects on families and need a reference.

Dealing with HIV/AIDS is clearly not a easy disease to live with, it can cause depression and distress for those infected with it and as a result effect the families and friends around them. Many don’t deal with it in a healthy way which then causes even more problems and distress to everyone involved. Boneh and Jaganaths’ journal and study points out that a percentage of people even leave their families as a result of it. They conclude that proper communication is key to deal with the dealing with HIV/AIDS, but saw that many don’t have the stomach to even mention the disease let alone have a full on discussion about it. Boneh and Jaganath’s study showed that going to contemporary dance shows can help break the ice on having discussions on the problem. In the 80s and 90s many theaters hosted dancing performances for HIV/AIDS awareness and created a style on performance speech-act that convey issues and struggles of having AIDS with their body. This style was so popular that many dancers today still use it to convey other messages to the public. The reason for that is the power aura and energy the dance gives off and instills deep emotional feelings towards its audience. Boneh and Jaganath expresses that seeing such a power performance may open up a gateway to serious discussion among families. The goal of the study was to see that expressive dancing performances empower people with HIV/AIDS to be more open to their issue instead of hiding and bottling up their feelings.