Annotated Bibliographies

This post is regarding my quilt panel, the research question were all based off what I found on the panel. The questions are marked by bullet points. These questions are the basis of my research, and the thought process that went into why I made this entry.



  • How did the inverted pink triangle push the LGBT community forward and improve awareness for HIV/AIDs in America from its dawn to the present?

Morris, Charles E. “ACT up 25: HIV/AIDS, Archival Queers, and Mnemonic World Making.” Quarterly Journal of Speech, vol. 98, no. 1, Feb. 2012, pp. 49-53. EBSCOhost

Charles E. Morris seems to be a strong advocate for HIV/AIDs awareness, his title “Remembering AIDS coalition to Unleash Power” implies his strong feeling towards AIDS awareness and describes the disease as crisis that cause fear in many people.Morris manly uses demonstrative evidence in his journal he brings ACT UP movement and the many cities that it is based in and the several cases pertaining to aids epidemic like supreme court case Bowers v. Hardwick and the Reagan administration’s lack of awareness and action.His purpose for this journal is to invigorate the awareness for HIV/AIDS and remind people that this disease is still very much around and effecting the lives of hundreds of thousands.The intended audience are college students, he published this so university student would have access to his journal and help students to understand or do research based on AIDS.Some other who would find Morris’s journal useful might be journalist or other editors who are researching or complying data on HIV/AIDS or need more analysis on the subject.

The inverted pink triangle was the iconic symbol of the ACT UP movement that started in the 80s to bring awareness for HIV/AIDS. The upright pink triangle was a mark of queers in NAZI concentration camps but AIDS advocates inverted symbol in remembrance of those who suffered in the camps and represent powerful message of awareness. Due to the ACT UP movement millions of American around the country banded together to fight HIV/AIDS. In almost every major city in America (Atlanta, Chicago, New York, San Francisco, etc.) did protest, parades, and marches. The main members of the ACT UP movement were LGBT, they pushed for sex education, awareness for protective sex, and gay rights. Morris journal reiterates these facts through examples of what ACT UP did and accomplished, like the NAMES project. Morris brings up the challenges that both ACT UP and LGBT had to face in their conquest but kept fighting and overcame them. He really focuses on how difficult it was for gays at the time: social and political ignorance from the government, mental hard ache that gays had to go through, and death that AIDS caused.


  • How has HIV/AIDs affected opera culture in the U.S and its fan base?

Brass, P (2016, February). Did AIDs kill New York City opera?. Huffingtonpost.

Perry Brass, an award-winning journalist and longtime LGBT advocate, informs about how HIV/AIDs killed the New York opera.The evidence provided is anecdotal evidence, he brings up the accounts of how the opera starting fading away and his personal relationship with the people who were involved with the ordeal.Brass’s purpose for his article is to show how HIV/AIDS affects people personal lives, he wants people to know that the Aids is not just a disease that kills but the effects break apart entire subcultures and changes the way people experience their lives.The intended audience in article are young liberal adults, the Huffington post is a huge article site that tends to lean for toward progressive and liberal biases that younger more liberal people are interested in.Researchers who are researching the performance art era of the 80s would find this article interesting, since it dives into opera history in the U.S and has a first-hand account of the events that happened by a renowned journalist it can be very useful to them.

Perry Brass’s article accounts how aids broke down and eventually killed the opera culture in New York. Brass implies that aids caused the culture to fade away into an old form of performing arts. And it is true, modern performing arts in U.S drives more towards Broadway, live dance, and hip hop. The opera in the U.S is not as prominent as it used to be, opera concerts aren’t advertised or anticipated like rap, hip hop, and EDM concerts. And the opera culture and fan base are not popular, any fan pages or support groups are meniscal compared to millions of fans and buzz that rappers or artist get just over shadows opera culture. Even classical music and dance get are more prominent than the opera is in the U.S. Schools all across the country have orchestra and band classes that students take and most colleges even have classical music major as a career choice. Some colleges are exclusively dedicated to the classical music subjects like Juilliard or the Curtis institute of music. Aids is one of the culprits for this downfall, it took away cultural significance and buzz from the subculture and Brass’s piece is evidence for it.


  • What does the AHF (AIDS Healthcare Foundation) Rose Parade float mean to the members of the LGBT and AIDS community in America?

Aidshealthcare. (2016). AHF’s 2017 Rose Parade Float to Honor Victims, Survivors and Families of Orlando Nightclub Attack.

There is no author for the article but it is on a page of the AIDS Healthcare Foundation (AHF), every year the AHF do a float in the Rose Parade to advocate for AIDS or LGBT and dedicates themselves for LGBT/AIDS awareness.The evidence given are pictures, names, and events the AHF host or participates in and biographies of members and leaders of the LGBT/AIDS community.The purpose for AHF to post this article is to inspire the LGBT and gay community to get everyone involved to bring about more awareness and support for the group.The intended audience for this article are gays who aren’t part of the larger LGBT community and want know how they can get involved and help.Someone else who might find this article useful could be journalist evaluating the current state of LGBT/AIDS culture and what they might be doing to achieve their goals.


The AHF are very active in their goal for support and awareness for the HIV/AIDS virus. Every year they participate in the Rose Parade which is watched by viewed by millions all over the nation and host event to support proactive sex and the LGBT community, like nation condom day and rallies they do in cities. They provide aid and relief to people effected by AIDS and encourage people to volunteer or get involved in their events. They advocate heavily for LGBT culture by promoting their events, hosting events and rallies for LGBT support, and most members are LGBT. The AHF also provide personal biographies of affected members and information for safe sex and the LGBT culture. The article for the AHF float in the Rose Parade is a symbol for what they stand for and everything they have been working towards. This event is probably the biggest watched and participated event that AHF does so they want to make sure they reach out to general public with their message and goals. So the AHF float give inspiration and support to the LGBT through their float by representing what achieve and their willingness to help whole gay community.


  • How has is being homosexual and having HIV/AIDS affected the Boy Scouts community in America?

Castagnera, Jim. “Archie Mcadoo on Being a Good Scout.” Journal of      Employment Discrimination Law, vol. 2, no. 4, Fall2000, p. 292. EBSCOhost,

Jim Castagnera , a published author wrote “Sexual orientation discrimination”, and in his journal he go goes against the discrimination of gays in the boy scouts and calls out his concern.The evidence in this mainly anecdotal as he recalls his personal thoughts and conversations over the matter but he does provide some demonstrative evidence like court cases and laws of discrimination.His purpose in this journal is to show that discrimination because of having a disease and sexual orientation can happen anywhere to anyone, even at simple community gatherings like boy scouts.The intended audience in this piece are to the parents of the boy scouts, that their children are being exposed to hateful discrimination because of sexual orientation. Others who might find this journal useful might be LGBT activist who is fighting for employment equality among gays and might find that the boy scouts need to make a change.


A popular story among social media and news are that scout leaders and employees are being fired for being gay or having the HIV/AIDS virus. It was not until 2015 that the United States did not allow termination from a job for sexual orientation so this was an issue that got out of hand quickly. There was even a ban on gay scouts joining the Boy Scout of America in 2013. As a result, many parents pulled their children from the boy scout and a number of the scout employees quit in protest of it. Jim Catagnera’s journal discusses the matter, that even though it not illegal to fire someone because they have HIV/AIDS or is gay it is still wrong based on the image that the scouts represent. In his journal a man was fired from 12 years of being scout because he had HIV. Catagnera implied that the scout went from a wholesome group to guide boys into scout hood to this conservative group that could not learn to adapt.



Thaczuk, D. (2006 December). Living with HIV in France in the 21st century: Employment, response to treatment, and quality of life. Nam

  • What relation does France have with the LGBT and HIV/AIDS epidemic?

The author Dereck Thazuk is a active in the AIDS research community, he is a steering committee member for The Community Link News on AIDS and participates in the committee meetings. The evidence he provides is a VESPA study done in France that shows percentages and data for mental states of French citizens living with HIV/AIDS that are over 18 years old. The purpose for this article is to inform those living who aren’t living with AIDS about how people who are living with disease feel mentally so that they can don’t miss judge and better comprehend the behavior of people infected with the virus. The intended audience in Thazuk’s article are the French people who are living with HIV/AIDS and want to find out if others are experiencing the same feelings and emotions that they are. Others who might find this article interesting might be AIDS researcher from other countries to compare their results and data with another high population country.


The amount of people living with the HIV/AIDS virus in France is around 200,000 people and number of infected has increased steadily every year since 1990. Like in America, they have advocates groups that try to raise awareness for AIDS, these groups advertise safe sex and gay rights. It was a difficult path that the HIV/AIDS community faced in France, they were discriminated and unfairly, anti-discrimination laws towards homosexuals in the work force and in the goods and service industry did not come to law until 1985. Also, any gays in France during the Nazi occupation were put into concentration camps. As a result, many queer French citizens expressed social injustice and separation. Thazuk’s article on the mental state of HIV/AIDs citizens shows the correlation between all the hate the LGBT and AIDS community went through and how they really feel about it.